人体吸收营养的过程中,最后一关称为「大肠」,大肠包含盲肠、结肠、直肠等部位,负责重新吸收食物中的水分与电解质,再将食物残渣(粪便)交由肛门排至体外。

便秘是不正常的排便,它是种慢性消化系统病症,它可能出现于人生的各个阶段并影响患者的生活品质。

 

便秘的类型

便秘有三种类型:

迟缓型便秘

迟缓型便秘是最常见的便秘型态,患者经常因水分与纤维质摄取量不足,或因时差与饮食改变打乱排便习惯,进而影响肠道正常蠕动状态,使粪便在体内停滞时间过久而变干、变硬而提升排便难度。

除此之外,运动量不足也会影响肠道蠕动,若因久坐、年长、长期卧床或其他因素而无法行动等情况,亦容易发生迟缓型便秘。

压力型便秘

起因于脑部或肠道的自律神经失调,若常处于紧张不安的状态,就有可能发生。患者可能会感到腹胀、腹痛,时而腹泻,时而便秘。

直肠型便秘

若直肠的机能异常,例如直肠变型、肿瘤或肛门肌肉组织发生问题而影响排便,就是直肠型便秘,患者往往需要就医。

其他像是怀孕(黄体素分泌会使大肠运动能力降低并且增大的子宫会压迫肠道)、药物使用(例如滥用泻药影响肠道自行运动能力或是抗忧郁药物、制酸剂、抗癫痫药、抗高血压药、止痛药等)、疾病(如先天性巨大结肠症、肠扭转、寄生虫感染、巴金森氏症等)等因素,患者也可能有便秘症状。

 

其实只要天天做一些简易小运动,已有助促进肠道蠕动及强化肌肉力量,再配合摄取足够的纤维和水份等饮食习惯,便可大大改善便秘问题。有排便问题的朋友,立即试试吧!

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