What is Anaemia?
Anaemia is a condition where the blood has a low number of red blood cells, which causes a low blood count. This occurs when the red blood cells do not contain enough haemoglobin, a protein rich in iron that gives the blood its red colour.
The lower number of red blood cells means that less oxygen is coming to the body’s tissues and lack of oxygen causes anaemia.
Symptoms Of Anaemia
- Easy fatigue and loss of energy.
- Unusually rapid heart beat, particularly with exercise.
- Shortness of breath and headache, particularly with exercise.
- Difficulty concentrating.
- Pale skin.
- Leg cramps.
Causes Of Anaemia
Different types of anaemia and their causes include:
- Iron deficiency anaemia. This is the most common type of anaemia worldwide. Iron deficiency anaemia is caused by a shortage of iron in your body. Your bone marrow needs iron to make haemoglobin. Without adequate iron, your body can’t produce enough haemoglobin for red blood cells.Without iron supplementation, this type of anaemia occurs in many pregnant women. It is also caused by blood loss, such as from heavy menstrual bleeding, an ulcer, cancer and regular use of some over-the-counter pain relievers, especially aspirin.
- Vitamin deficiency anaemia. In addition to iron, your body needs folate and vitamin B-12 to produce enough healthy red blood cells. A diet lacking in these and other key nutrients can cause decreased red blood cell production. Additionally, some people may consume enough B-12, but their bodies aren’t able to process the vitamin. This can lead to vitamin deficiency anaemia, also known as pernicious anaemia.
- Anaemia of chronic disease. Certain diseases — such as cancer, HIV/AIDS, rheumatoid arthritis, kidney disease, Crohn’s disease and other chronic inflammatory diseases — can interfere with the production of red blood cells.
- Aplastic anaemia. This rare, life-threatening anaemia occurs when your body doesn’t produce enough red blood cells. Causes of aplastic anaemia include infections, certain medicines, autoimmune diseases and exposure to toxic chemicals.
- Anaemias associated with bone marrow disease. A variety of diseases, such as leukaemia and myelofibrosis, can cause anaemia by affecting blood production in your bone marrow. The effects of these types of cancer and cancer-like disorders vary from mild to life-threatening.
- Sickle cell anaemia. This inherited and serious condition is an inherited hemolytic anaemia. It’s caused by a defective form of haemoglobin that forces red blood cells to assume an abnormal crescent (sickle) shape. These irregular blood cells die prematurely, resulting in a chronic shortage of red blood cells.
The Best Natural Remedy to Fight Against Anaemia — Beet Root
This kind of anaemia is usually termed as iron-deficiency anaemia and can be corrected naturally. Beetroot is the best superfood that can help increase iron intake and improve haemoglobin naturally. Beetroot is rich in iron content and helps to improve blood count and blood flow.
According to the British Heart Foundation, vegetables rich in nitrates could help reduce blood pressure drastically. In another study at the Queen Mary’s University in the year 2010, the same theory was proven. Beetroot is a great source of nitrates, which when consumed, is converted to nitrites and a gas called nitric oxides. Both these components help to widen the articles and lower blood pressure. Researchers also found that having just 500 grams of beetroot every day reduces a person’s blood pressure in about six hours.
Besides, beetroot also contains betalains, a super phytonutrient facilitating anti-inflammatory and anti-oxidative action. It has very effective cleansing qualities due to which it aids in detoxification.
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