Flu and the common cold are both respiratory illnesses but they are caused by different viruses. Because these two types of illnesses have similar symptoms, it can be difficult to tell the difference between them based on symptoms alone. In general, flu is worse than the common cold, and symptoms are more intense. Colds are usually milder than flu. People with colds are more likely to have a runny or stuffy nose. Colds generally do not result in serious health problems, such as pneumonia, bacterial infections, or hospitalizations. While Flu can have very serious associated complications.
What are the symptoms of the flu versus the symptoms of a cold?
The symptoms of flu can include fever or feeling feverish/chills, cough, sore throat, runny or stuffy nose, muscle or body aches, headaches and fatigue (tiredness). Cold symptoms are usually milder than the symptoms of flu. People with colds are more likely to have a runny or stuffy nose. Colds generally do not result in serious health problems.
Know More about Flu
1. Source of infection
Influenza patients and recessive infections are the main source of infection, and infected animals can also become the source of infection. It is contagious from the end of the incubation period to the acute phase. The virus secretes in the human respiratory tract usually lasts for 3-6 days. Infants and young children, and immunocompromised patients can detoxify for more than 1 week.
2. Ways of transmission
Influenza is mainly transmitted through droplets such as sneezing and coughing. It can also be transmitted directly or indirectly through mucous membranes such as the mouth, nose, and eyes. Contact with contaminated items can also cause infections.
3. Susceptible people
Those who do not have influenza-specific strain-specific immunity are at high risk for severe illness.
4. Virus disinfection
Influenza virus is sensitive to commonly used disinfectants such as ethanol, iodophor, iodine tincture, ultraviolet rays, and heat, and can be inactivated at 56 ° C for 30 minutes. Room air disinfection can adopt measures such as ventilation and ultraviolet rays, and the surface of objects can be wiped with an effective concentration of chlorine-containing disinfectant.