The end of each year is the peak period of influenza. The earliest outbreak of the new coronavirus in Wuhan, which started at the end of 2019, once again sounded the alarm for humans, and made the 2020 Spring Festival destined to be an unusual Spring Festival. According to the results of the China Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, similar to SARS in 2003, the source of the virus in Wuhan pneumonia this time was also wild animals, possibly bats or snakes.
Faced with a menacing epidemic, we can’t help but sigh again, how small humans are in the front of disaster, and how fragile life is! For the same virus or disease, some people are easily infected and seriously ill; others are the opposite, even if the symptoms of the disease are mild, it is easier to recover.
The ability of the body to resist disease depends on how strong the immune system is. The immune system is the body’s first line of defense against foreign microorganisms entering the body. The stronger the immune system, the fewer chances of getting sick.
Who is more susceptible to the virus
Although the susceptible population of Wuhan pneumonia has not yet been finalized, generally speaking, the following groups of people are at greater risk of infection with influenza virus and other viruses, and are prone to severe complications and even life-threatening.
1. Infants and children
According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), babies and young children under five years of age have not yet fully developed their immune systems, making them more vulnerable to the virus than most adults.
2. Senior citizens over age 65 years old
The data on the CDC also show that older people aged 65 and older are at greater risk for viral infections and complications. As you get older, your immune system weakens, and older people can easily suffer from health conditions such as heart failure, kidney failure, lung disease, and asthma due to flu or other viral diseases.
3. Pregnant and Maternal Women
Pregnant women and women two weeks postpartum, because their bodies are or have just experienced some changes that affect the immune system, such as hormonal changes and changes in workload of organs such as the heart and lungs, making them less resistant. Serious complications from viral infections include premature births or birth defects in the fetus.
4. People with weak immune systems
Poor immunity can weaken the body’s ability to resist various viruses. The CDC also states that the following health conditions also increase the risk of infection and complications:
- Endocrine disorders (such as diabetes)
- Brain disorders
- Nervous system disease
- Lung disease
- Heart disease
- Kidney disease
- Liver disease
- Metabolic syndrome
- Overweight or obese (BMI equal to or greater than 40)
- weakened immune system due to illness (eg AIDS) or medication (eg regular cancer treatment)
- Long-term use of aspirin or poplar under the age of 19
5. People who work and live in special circumstances
People living or working in densely populated areas are at greater risk of contracting the virus.
These places include:
- Nursing home
- College dormitory
- Office building
At the outbreak of the plague, medical personnel were most likely to be infected because they contacted the most patients.
How to boost immunity?
Bacteria and viruses are ubiquitous. In addition to being well protected, you should also strengthen your immune system as much as possible so that you can keep the disease to the maximum extent possible from the inside out.
Just a few changes to your diet and lifestyle will ensure that your immune system is strong enough to protect you from viral infections.
- Ensure enough sleep
- Keep calm
- Quit smoking
- Drink less
- Get enough dietary fiber
- Moderate exercise
- Explore under the sun often